中国共产党是一心一意为人民服务的政党 -- 你想不让它服务都不行 :)

MySQL5.6的Linux安装shell脚本之二进制安装

Linux,MySQL 2016-11-16 浏览量: 996 字数统计: 457 最后更新: 2017-04-09 21:27

最近在写一个MySQL的shell安装脚本

说明一点着里面的所有路径都是绝对路径

下面来总结一下安装 遇到的一些问题,以及安装的过程

这个是自带的安装过程

shell>groupadd mysql
shell>useradd -r -g mysql mysql
shell>cd /usr/local
shell>tar zxvf /path/to/mysql-VERSION-OS.tar.gz
shell>ln -s full-path-to-mysql-VERSION-OS mysql
shell>cd mysql
shell>chown -R mysql .
shell>chgrp -R mysql .
shell>scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
shell>chown -R root .
shell>chown -R mysql data
shell>bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
# Next command is optional
shell>cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql.server

安装之前首先检查有没有mysql的进程,如果有我们还安装个啥

mysqlProcessNum=/bin/ps aux | /bin/grep mysql | /usr/bin/wc -l | /bin/awk <span style="color: #800000;">'</span><span style="color: #800000;">{ print $1 }</span><span style="color: #800000;">'</span><span style="color: #000000;">;
if [ $mysqlProcessNum -gt 3 ]; then
    echo “已经安装MySQL“
    exit
fi

然后下载(可以从官网下载,但是个人感觉太慢了,于是就搭建了一个简单的ftp服务器,当然也可以本地上传嘛,在这里我就不细说了)

# download mysql package
yum install libaio   #MySQL的一个依赖包
/usr/bin/yum install awk wget -y
mysqlDownloadURL=ftp://。。。。。。。。。/pub/mysql/mysql-5.6.25-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz;
cd /tmp;
/bin/rm -rf mysql*.tar.gz
/usr/bin/wget $mysqlDownloadURL;

好我们已经下载好了

下面开始进入正题

解压,建立软连接

packageName=`/bin/ls | /bin/grep mysql*.tar.gz`;
# unpakcage mysql
/bin/tar zxvf $packageName -C /usr/local
mysqlAllNameDir=`/bin/ls -l /usr/local | grep mysql | /bin/awk '{ print $9 }'`
/bin/ln -s $mysqlAllNameDir /usr/local/mysql

添加用户和用户组(判断一下,如果没添加就添加一下)

userNum=`/bin/cat /etc/passwd | /bin/grep mysql | /bin/awk -F ':' '{ print $1 }' | /usr/bin/wc -l`
if [ $userNum -lt 1 ];then
    /usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
    /usr/sbin/useradd -d /usr/local/mysql -s /sbin/nologin -g mysql mysql
    echo "成功添加"
fi

检查/etc下面是否有my.cnf文件,有的话就干掉,或者备份

/bin/mv /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf.bak

下面初始化

说明一点!!!修改权限一定要在初始化之后,否则初始化之后的data目录不一定被附有权限

/bin/chown -R root.mysql /usr/local/mysql

/bin/chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql/data/

现在可以自己写一个配置文件放在 /etc 下面

/etc/my.cnf (这里也说明一点,MySQL配置文件有参数替换原则)

顺序是这样的

  • /etc/my.cnf
  • /etc/mysql/my.cnf
  • /usr/local/mysql/etc/my.cnf
  • ~/.my.cnf
[client]
socket=/usr/local/mysql/mysql-files/mysql.sock
[mysqld]
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp=true
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data
socket=/usr/local/mysql/mysql-files/mysql.sock
user=mysql
# Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks
symbolic-links=0
# LOG
slow_query_log = 1
slow_query_log_file = /usr/local/mysql/mysql-files/mysql-slow.log
long_query_time = 2
# GENERAL LOG
#general_log = 1
#general_log_file = /usr/local/mysql/mysql-files/mysql-general.log
# BINARY LOG
server_id=101
log_bin=/usr/local/mysql/mysql-files/mysql-bin.log
binlog_format=ROW
sync_binlog=1
expire_logs_days=7
# ERROR LOG
log_error=/usr/local/mysql/mysql-files/mysql.err

# OTHER
character_set_server = utf8mb4
transaction-isolation = READ-COMMITTED
max_connections = 1000
log-queries-not-using-indexes
log_throttle_queries_not_using_indexes = 10

# INNODB
innodb_strict_mode=1
innodb_file_format=Barracuda
innodb_file_format_max=Barracuda
innodb_read_io_threads=4
innodb_write_io_threads=8 # 8 ~ 12
innodb_io_capacity=1000 # HDD:800 ~ 1200 SSD: 10000+
innodb_adaptive_flushing=1 # SSD: 0
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=1
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct=75
innodb_buffer_pool_dump_at_shutdown=1
innodb_buffer_pool_load_at_startup=1
innodb_flush_neighbors=1 # SSD:0
innodb_log_file_size=1024M # SSD:4G~8G HDD:1G~2G
innodb_purge_threads=1 # SSD:4
innodb_lock_wait_timeout=3
innodb_print_all_deadlocks=1
pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysqld/mysqld.pid

[mysqld_safe]
log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log
pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysqld/mysqld.pid

下面以mysql_safe方式启动

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &

好下面启动mysqld

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld restart

[[email protected] mysql]# ./bin/mysql
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.6.25-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type ‘help;‘ or ‘\h‘ for help. Type ‘\c‘ to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases;
+——————————+
| Database           |
+——————————+
| information_schema |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
| test               |
+——————————+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

 

说明几点:
 

    • 删除重新安装的时候一定要看看是不是mysqld 的进程全部杀死了(ps -ef | grep mysqld),如果有使用“kill -9  进程号”杀死不然会严重影响下次安装

 

    • 可能是第二次在机器上安装mysql,有残余数据影响了服务的启动。去mysql的数据目录/data看看,如果存在mysql-bin.index,就删除掉

 

其他要说明的我在之前的安装过程中已经说明了

下面就是安装脚本的基本过程

#!/bin/bash
# mysql install script, the home directory is /usr/local/mysql-VERSION and the soft link is /usr/local/mysql
yum install libaio
/usr/bin/yum install awk wget -y
config=`/bin/pwd`
mysqlProcessNum=`/bin/ps aux | /bin/grep mysql | /usr/bin/wc -l | /bin/awk '{ print $1 }'`;
if [ $mysqlProcessNum -gt 3 ]; then
    echo "已经安装MySQL"
fi

# download mysql package
mysqlDownloadURL=ftp://。。。。。。。/pub/mysql/mysql-5.6.25-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz;
cd /tmp;
/bin/rm -rf mysql*.tar.gz
/usr/bin/wget $mysqlDownloadURL;
packageName=`/bin/ls | /bin/grep mysql*.tar.gz`;
# unpakcage mysql
/bin/tar zxvf $packageName -C /usr/local
mysqlAllNameDir=`/bin/ls -l /usr/local | grep mysql | /bin/awk '{ print $9 }'`
/bin/ln -s $mysqlAllNameDir /usr/local/mysql
userNum=`/bin/cat /etc/passwd | /bin/grep mysql | /bin/awk -F ':' '{ print $1 }' | /usr/bin/wc -l`
if [ $userNum -lt 1 ];then
    /usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
    /usr/sbin/useradd -d /usr/local/mysql -s /sbin/nologin -g mysql mysql
    echo "成功添加"
fi
#/bin/mv /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf.bak
/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql
/bin/chown -R root.mysql /usr/local/mysql
/bin/chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql/data/
#我的配置文件放到root目录下面了

/bin/cp $config/my.cnf /etc/    

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &
#/bin/chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql/data/#/bin/cp $config/my.cnf /etc/
#cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
#chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld

小蜗牛 说:
Freedom is the source from which all meaning and all values spring .


文章版权归 原文作者所有丨本站默认采用CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0协议进行授权| 转载必须包含本声明,并以超链接形式注明原文作者和本文原始地址: https://www.tougetu.com/2016/11/mysql5-6-shell-install-script.html

还不快抢沙发

添加新评论

代码 Pastebin Gist 加粗 删除线 斜体 链接 签到